How to Use Your Camera Settings to Create Stellar Night Photography

Night photography introduces many challenges that are easily avoided during the day, like noise, blurriness, and your camera’s hypersensitivity to movement. Luckily, modern cameras provide you with an array of night-friendly settings to help get a sharp, properly exposed photo of stars, planets, and night landscapes. landscape photography lens portrait photography settings

1. How to use and balance aperture, shutter speed, and ISO at night

Before embarking on a night photography journey, get to know the three crucial settings—aperture, shutter speed, and ISO—that allow you to create a properly exposed photograph. landscape photography lens portrait photography settings

Camera settingsAperture, ISO and shutter speed settings.  landscape photography lens portrait photography settings

Aperture

Aperture is the amount of light that you let through your lens. The lower your aperture, the more light you let through (so, an aperture of 1.8 lets more light in than an aperture of 5.8). Because photography is essentially the recording of light, you need to let in more light as your scene gets darker. So, if you’re shooting an unlit night landscape, you’ll use a lower aperture (measured in f-stops) number than if you’re shooting an image of the aurora borealis, since there’s more light available in the latter scene. Typically, your aperture options range from approximately f/1.8 to f/22. landscape photography lens portrait photography settings

Aperture also has an effect on the depth of field, or how “deeply” into an image things are in focus. The larger your f-stop number, the greater your depth of field. Luckily, depth of field changes are much less noticeable in nighttime photographs than in daytime ones. landscape photography lens portrait photography settings

Effect of aperture on depth of fieldA shallow depth of field produced by a lower f-stop choice.  landscape photography lens portrait photography settings

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